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Seclusionary Time Out and Physical Restraint Training 2020-2021:

When do I Use An ESI?

Emergency safety interventions (ESI) should only be used when a student’s behavior poses imminent danger of serious physical harm to self or others.

Used only when less intrusive methods have not been effective and when protecting the student and/or others from injury/harm requires their use.

Should not be used as a routine strategy implemented to address instructional problems or inappropriate behavior (e.g., disrespect, noncompliance, insubordination, being out of seat), as a means of coercion or retaliation, or as a convenience.

The  school professional should be ASPEN or MANDT  trained!

"Neither seclusionary time out nor physical restraint are teaching procedures, nor are they behavioral interventions; thus they are outside the scope of a tiered intervention system.”

“ESIs can only be used in emergency situations; they should not be used as punishment for any non-dangerous or non-emergency reasons, such as noncompliance, disrespect, disobedience, misuse or destruction of property or disruption.”

-LRBI Manual

What behaviors require an Emergency Safety Intervention (ESI)?

If a student is physically restrained or is placed in seclusionary time out.

Physical Restraint means personal restriction that immobilizes or reduces the ability of an individual to move the individual's arms, legs, body, or head freely.

Seclusionary Time Out, when used with a student, means the following conditions are met:

  1. The student is placed in an enclosed area by school personnel in accordance with the requirements of R392-200 and R710-43
  2. The student is purposefully isolated from adults and peers, and 
  3. The student is prevented from leaving the enclosed area.

When to document an ESI and How?

Staff should notify the student's parent or guardian and complete the Physical Restraint Report within 24 hours of using a Physical Restraint or Seclusionary Time Out

Physical Restraint

  • If Physical Restraint is selected by the TEAM, individuals using restraint MUST BE TRAINED IN MANDT OR ASPEN.
  • Each time a physical restraint is used, staff MUST complete an Emergency Contact Form and submit the form to: Brian King, Special Education, River's Edge School

* Even if the physical restraint is marked on the BIP

Seclusionary Time Out

  • IF Seclusionary Time Out is selected by the TEAM, the building must have a DISTRICT APPROVED SECLUSIONARY TIME OUT BOOTH 
  • Individuals using Seclusionary Time Out MUST be trained by District Staff in the use of Seclusionary Time Out
  • Seclusionary Time Out Logs MUST be sent to the District Office

Prohibited Practices:

  • Pain compliance, slight discomfort, trigger/pressure points
  • Hyperextension of any part of the body (pushing or pulling of the fingers, thumbs, wrist, elbows, shoulders, feet, ankles, knees, etc.)
  • Joint or skin torsion (twisting/turning in opposite directions
  • Pressure or weight on chest, lungs, sternum, diaphragm, back, or abdomen, causing chest compression
  • Straddling or sitting on any part of the body
  • Any type of choking, hand chokes, arm chokes, sleeper hold
  • Any technique that involves pushing one’s mouth, nose, eyes, or any part of the face
  • Any maneuver that involves substantial risk of injury.
  • Any take-downs, body throws, or other martial arts techniques or maneuver’s that force the person to the floor
  • Any maneuver that involves punching, hitting, poking, pinching, or shoving
  • Any lifting or carrying of a person who is actively combative (unless an extreme hazard or emergency where the person is at risk exists)